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Articles tagged Europe
Date
1500–1750
Region
Europe
The plight of the Huguenots: Thomas Papillon's Advertisement

Huguenot refugees: The revocation of the Edict of Nantes  Thomas Papillon’s Advertisement (reproduced above) and King William the III's Declaration (as seen below) relate to th ...

Date
1500–1750
Region
Europe
Romani Gypsies in sixteenth-century Britain

The Egyptians Act 1530 was a response to the arrival of Romani Gypsies, known as ‘Egyptians’ at the time, in Britain in the sixteenth century. The first definite record of thes ...

Date
AD43–1500
Region
Europe
Becoming English: letters of denization

Migration to Britain in the late Middle Ages The late Middle Ages was a period of what we could call 'quiet' migration. There were no-large scale migrations in or out of England, such as ...

Date
1500–1750
Region
Europe
Huguenot silk weavers in Spitalfields

Silk designers of Spitalfields  Huguenot refugees sat at the centre of the London silk industry. Most of the Huguenots in Britain involved in the silk trades had been merch ...

Date
1900–2000s
Region
Europe
Germanophobia and World War I

Germans in Britain before World War I During the course of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries tens of thousands of Germans made their way to Britain. The factors that pushed the ...

Date
AD43–1500
Region
Europe
The Anglo-Saxon invasion and the beginnings of the 'English'

The early British  During the fifth century AD Britain ceased to be part of the Roman Empire and became a group of small warring territories, from which eventually developed the ...

Date
1900–2000s
Region
Europe
Lithuanian miners in Scotland: migration and misconceptions

Lithuanians in Scotland One in four Lithuanians – about 650,000 individuals – emigrated from their homeland between 1870 and the First World War. Most went to the United State ...

Date
1900–2000s
Region
Europe
Polish soldiers and refugees in World War II Britain

Invasion of Poland and population displacement  At the end of World War I, the 1919 Treaty of Versailles had taken land from Germany to give to Poland in a new settlement for Polish ...

Date
1900–2000s
Region
Europe
Polish migration after 2004

Joining the European Union  Polish migration has been one of the largest movements in Britain's post-war migration history. Since Poland joined the European Union in 2004, and thus P ...

Date
1750–1900
Region
Europe
A London slum: Irish migration and its threat

A London slum in Kensington Owned by the respectable and wealthy local Bird family, Jennings' Buildings consisted of 81 two-story wooden tenements grouped around 5 narrow courts. The Bui ...

Date
1750–1900
Region
Europe
The Irish in early industrial Britain: George Cornewall Lewis's report

Irish migration to England, Scotland and Wales Many of the concerns we hear voiced about immigration today were also aired against Irish immigrants in early industrial Britain. Fears of s ...

Date
1900–2000s
Region
Europe
Irish nurses in wartime Britain: Mary Morris's diary

The Irish in Britain Irish migration to Britain has a long history. From the nineteenth century, the Irish came to the country in large numbers and were one of the two most numerous group ...

Date
1900–2000s
Region
Europe
Music and migration: songs from the Irish in Birmingham

Recruiting for Birmingham Throughout the twentieth century, the Irish were Britain’s largest foreign-born population. When Britain declared war on Germany in 1939, many Irish-born r ...

Date
AD43–1500
Region
Europe
Making peace: Scandinavian migrants and King Alfred's 'fyrd'

Scandinavians in England From the late eighth century, Scandinavian raids on Scotland, Ireland, and England began to be recorded. At first these raids were very few, but from the 830s the ...

Date
AD43–1500
Region
Europe
Poems of protest: Meir ben Elijah and the Jewish people of early Britain

Jewish people in early Britain: location, language, culture  Jews arrived in Britain with the Norman regime, following the Norman Conquest of 1066. It seems that during the reign of ...

Date
1900–2000s
Region
Europe
Jewish refuge and the Nazi regime

The rise of Adolf Hitler and European Jewish persecution  The National Socialist German Workers’ Party (otherwise known as the Nazi Party) came into power in Germany in 1933 af ...

Date
1500–1750
Region
Europe
Palatines in exile: German refugees on Britain's fringes

Protestant refugees from Europe: Huguenots and Palatines  The mass exodus of French Protestant refugees (also known as 'Huguenots') who fled from religious persecution in France afte ...

Date
1750–1900
Region
Europe
Blood libels, castration and Christian fears: opposition to Jewish citizenship

The return of Jewish people to Britain  Jewish people had been banned from British soil since their expulsion in 1290 up until their formal readmission under Oliver Cromwell in the 1 ...

Date
1750–1900
Region
Europe
Italian immigration in late-Victorian Britain

Italians as economic migrants From the mid-1800s Italian migrants came to Britain from poor mountainous areas including around Parma and Lucca and, by the century's end, from more souther ...

Date
1900–2000s
Region
Europe
Jewish immigration and the Aliens Act

From east to west: Jewish expulsion from 'The Pale' Savage anti-Jewish riots or pogroms sanctioned by the states of Eastern Europe, combined with widespread economic and political di ...

Date
1900–2000s
Region
Europe
'Go Home': responses to migration in Britain today

Go home or face arrest The 2013 ‘Go Home’ van advertising campaign (pictured above) took place in a period of increasing political and public attention to ‘illegal ...

Date
1900–2000s
Region
Europe
Serbian child refugees in the First World War

The First World War: Serbian children in flight  The plight of the Serbian people was desperate following the military defeat of their country in the early stages of the First World ...

Date
1500–1750
Region
Europe
Evil May Day: anti-alien riots in 1517

In the spring of 1517, London was shaken by a night of violent rioting that reached from Newgate Prison in the west to Blanchappleton near Aldgate in the east. Crowds in their hundreds att ...

Date
AD43–1500
Region
Europe
England's Migrant King: Knut of Denmark

Viking raids: King Sweyn and Prince Knut Knut the Great (Knútr inn ríki in Old Norse) was a Danish prince, the son of Sweyn Forkbeard (Sveinn Tjúguskegg in Old Norse) ...

Date
AD43–1500
Region
Europe
Alien subsidies in Medieval England

'Quiet' migration  The late middle ages was a period of what we could call 'quiet' migration. There were no large-scale migrations as had been seen in Anglo-Saxon, Viking and Norman ...

Date
AD43–1500
Region
Europe
Anglo-Saxons, Gaels and Scandinavians: the peopling of Scotland

Northern Britain in the seventh century In the early middle ages, the area of northern Britain that is now Scotland was inhabited by peoples of a number of different backgrounds – G ...

Date
AD43–1500
Region
Europe
The Norman conquest: women, marriage, invasion

The Norman conquest and French immigration The story of French immigration into England as a result of the Norman conquest in 1066 is best told in two parts. First there was the military ...

Date
1900–2000s
Region
Europe
Building Italian communities: caterers, industrial recruits and professionals

Rapid growth: 1880s to the First World War From the 1880s, the Italian presence in Britain grew rapidly. Between 1891 and 1901 the number of Italian-born people more than doubled, rising ...